Treatment of Depression and Mood Disorders
What is Disorder Depression?
To put in easy words, Depression means loss of interest in all those activities which you used to enjoy earlier, sadness (without any major cause), helplessness (despite of having lots of support), hopelessness (illogical pessimistic thinking and beliefs) and worthlessness (about self, career, relationships and life).
What are Depression and Mood Disorders?
Certain sicknesses have been categorised as mood disorders such as Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar disorder (periodic episodes of extreme low and high energy and mood), Persistent Depressive Disorder, Cyclothymia (mild form of bipolar disorder) and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD or winter blues).
What are the symptoms of Depression?
- Feeling lethargic
- Loss of interest in any new activity or activity which you used to enjoy earlier
- Excessive sleep and hunger
- Reduced sleep and appetite
- Excessive weight gain or weight loss
- Lack of self-confidence even in accomplishing small tasks
- Difficulty focussing
- Thoughts of suicide or death
What is Major Depressive Disorder (Clinical Depression)?
When any person is suffering from the symptoms of depression everyday which lasts up to 2 weeks, person met the criteria for Major Depressive Disorder.
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder means periodic episodes of depression and mania (extreme high or euphoria). Manic episode can last up to few days, weeks or maximum 3 months, if left untreated. Depression can appear before or after manic episode or normal mood. The client dangles in between extreme high and low episodes of energy and mood with periods of normal mood sometimes. These episodes can get initiated with or without any triggering event.
What is Persistent Depressive Disorder?
When symptoms of depression are present every day for 2 weeks and continued for at least two years, it can be referred as Persistent Depressive Disorder.
What is Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)?
This mood disorder is also known as “winter blues”. In this disorder symptoms of depression appears during fall and winter months which varies as per availability of sunlight.
How I treat depression and mood disorders?
Since each client and presented problems are unique, each require special treatment plan. One therapy may not be working for all clients even though they are suffering from same emotional issue or mental disorder. Generally I assimilate CBT, talk therapy and mindfulness practices to treat clients suffering from depression and mood disorder. You and I will talk about your problems, history of the problem, symptoms, triggers, protective factors and factors which are prohibiting you from positive change. We will also discuss related feelings, emotions, and behaviours patterns. We will narrow down your short and long term goals of therapy. We will work collaboratively to create a treatment of mood disorders plan which you can follow as per your current circumstances, physical health and emotional condition. Therapy may also include homework assignments, literature reading, writings (journaling, mood track chart, daily activity chart etc.) and mindfulness practices. Initially you may need weekly appointments which may be reduced to biweekly and monthly thereafter.
Simply by following nutritious diet, good sleep habits and healthy life style you can speed up your recovery process and maintain it for long time.